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| Bamboo Species Descriptions||
This is a partial list of the bamboos that we offer. Please refer to the Price List for the complete list of plants that we offer on a regular basis. To see photos of some of our bamboos in this list, click on the camera icon where present. Bamboos are classified by genus, species and form, respectively. There are usually several species in a genus and often several forms of a species.
A genus of medium sized, hardy, running bamboos with 3-6 branches at each node, persistent culm sheaths, and no sulcus. Formerly,
several Pleioblastus and Yushania were listed as Arundinaria. Shoots in late spring.
(PSAT) Known for the very high quality of its wood. Culms used to be imported from China for making split bamboo fishing poles. Vast quantities of stakes are still imported for the nursery trade. The species grows best in areas with hot, humid summers, where it reaches heights of 50' and 2 ½" in diameter. Best growth with good indirect light. Hardy to 10F. Formerly known as Arundinaria amabiis
A genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboos from Asia, America and Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially summer and fall. Bambusas usually have round culms with numerous branches at each node, although one or two usually predominate. The species grows best in full sun and are successful in almost any climate, including coastal environments and even desert areas, as long as winter temperatures are not too cold.
(BDOS) Will grow to 18' in the Bay Area.
(BLO) This cold sensitive clumper has straight green culms with long internodes (thus its name). It has rings at the nodes and light green stripes near the base of each culm, and it grows in relatively open, upright clumps. Can get up to 50’ tall in it’s native environment, but 25’ in warmer frost free parts of the Bay Area.
(BMP) The typical form of a very useful garden species. All forms share the moniker "Hedge Bamboo," taking well to pruning and shaping. They tolerate colder temperatures than other Bambusas, being hardy
to 13 degrees F. or more, and do well in most Northern California climate zones. Winter chill eliminates scale and mealy bugs, which commonly afflict them in warmer climates. Grows from 35' to 45' with 1 1/2" diamters in climate of origin and 15-20' in N. California.
(BMPA) This is a very popular garden form with attractive gold culms with multiple green stripes. The new culms often have a pinkish or reddish cast. Shoots year 'round, growing up to 15' tall in the original environment and 12' to 20' in California.
(BMPEG) Dwarf from of Bambusa multiplex 'Alphonse Karr'. Yellow canes, with green candystripes. Internodes will sometimes swell.
(BMPGS) A moderate sized clumper similar in form to Bambusa multiplex 'Alphons Karr,' but with green culms exhibiting a single gold stripe in the grooves. Grows 25' tall with 1.5" diameter culms in the climate of origin, and approximately 15' tall in the SF Bay Area. Likes plenty of sun and is cold hardy to 18F.
(BMPS) The largest growing form of the species at 45' tall and 1½" diameter in tropical climates. Usually 8-16' tall in California. Canes and leaves are green with white stripes which become more prominent if cultivated in a container. Also the most cold resistant by a couple of degrees. Does not do well in desert environments.
(BMPT) A wonderful bamboo for small hedges (3' max. ht.) or bonsai. Clusters of small, light grayish-green pointed leaves. Culms are light green to brown. A clumper hardy to 13 degrees, preferring half to-full day sun.
(BMPV) Recently introduced from China. Similar to Bambusa pervariabilis but much more highly coloured. New shoots are yellow with green stripes maturing to yellow/gold with varying dark green stripes.
(BMU) This is a beautiful, erect bamboo with persistent bluish-white waxy bloom and light brown stripes on the culms. This outstanding ornamental bamboo is a tight clumper with small leaves and dense foliage. Hardy to 18°F and can grow 18’ tall locally.
(BOL) A giant timber clumper growing 55' tall and 4" in diameter in southern California and 20' to 30' up north. Long known for its large, olive green culms, vertical and clumping growth habit, and tasty shoots. Hardy to 20 degrees. Not good in desert climates.
(BTE) A stately, upright giant timber clumper which grows 20 to 30' tall in northern California and taller in the south. Forms a very tight column of elegant, blue powdered, 1 1/2 - 2" blue-green canes, shaded by well foliated, arching tops. Excellent for either screening or free standing ornamental. Hardy to 13 degrees. Considered a choice bamboo for weaving because of its strong yet pliable fibers and the absence of prominent culm nodes.
(BTU) Also known as "Punting Pole Bamboo" from its Asian heritage of poling boats. Culms are thick walled and straight, making them useful for many purposes. Under ideal conditions it can grow to 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Olive green, shiny, upright and full foliage from bottom to top when mature. Hardy to 18 degrees.
(BVE) Bright green culms sometimes develop characteristic internodal swelling when subject to high summer heat. In humid, warm climates it can grow 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Cold hardy to 18 degrees. Makes interesting subject for bonsai.
(BVEK) Very ornamental plant. Similarly to Bambusa ventricosa, culms sometimes develop characteristic internodal swelling when subject to high summer heat, but culm is yellow with multiple green stripes. In humid, warm climates it can grow 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Will grow to 25' in the Bay Area. Cold hardy to 18 degrees. An especially exciting subject for bonsai.
A genus of two species of running bamboos from China which shoots in early spring.
(BAF) (Sometimes classified as Arundinaria fargesii). A new introduction with dense, vertical growth good for screening. Attractive dark green leaves, an inch or so wide by 6-8" long, grace 15-20' silver/gray culms. Hardy to 0 degrees. Full sun to part shade.
A recently created genus of clumpers and "open clumpers" from the mountainous regions of Asia, composed of several species that had been previously assigned to other genera, such as Fargesia, Yushania, Arundinaria, Thamnocalamus, and Himalayacalamus. Classification of these bamboos has been problematic. Shooting season is variable.
(BRA) This bamboo is similar to Borinda boliana with blue-green powdery canes, but an open clumper with larger blue green leaves. Reaches 20' tall with 1' diameter culms in the climate of origin. Culms are very straight with slight arching at top. Will grow in bright indirect light to half-day sun. Cold hardy to 0.
(BRB) Renamed after the founder of Bamboo Sourcery, Gerald Bol. An “open clumper with straight upright culms of blue-green color up to 16' in the Bay Area tall and spaced apart 6-9. Foliage is small and delicate, light green, and very dense. Creates a lovely vertical wall of light green canes decorated with a lacey curtain of tiny leaves, much like a Japanese brush painting. Good for visual screen and sound barrier. Hardy to 10 degrees and likes half to full day of direct sunlight. Shoots in mid-summer.
(BRF) Ornamental weeping bamboo that can be used as a screen or centerpiece. Likes a half-day of morning sun to half-day afternoon sun, and culms will turn chocolate-red and shiny with more sun. Has light green leaves, ½" x 3-5", which grow in small clusters at each node. This clumper grows to 14' and is hardy to 10 degrees.
A genus of medium sized bamboos from the Himalayas, China and Japan, which shoot fall and winter, and are difficult to propagate. Many branches per node. Thin culm sheaths fall away within a year. Those listed below are vigorous runners.
(CBM) Also known as "Marbled" Bamboo” because its new shoots are marbled with cream and purple. Masses of bright green leaves form on multiple short branches. The culms will produce reddish color when grown in certain conditions: leaves must be stripped from the lower 2/3 of the culms, and the culms must be exposed to warm morning sun. However, in the afternoon the plant prefers shade, and hot afternoon sun will yellow the leaves. In hotter southern states, this plant must be kept in shade all day, and therefore cane color will be chestnut brown, as they usually are when shipped, also. With the proper sun exposure this makes an attractive container plant and is excellent for erosion control or hedges. Grows 6' to 8' tall and ¼" to ½" in diameter. Hardy to 10.
(CBMV) Same as CBM, except leaves are occasionally striped with narrow white lines. The cane also develop a showy, reddish color with sun exposure.
(CBQ) Unique in several ways, this plant has culms whose opposite sides are flat, forming a rounded square. Culms are rough to the touch with large nodes, and grow in an upright form. Graceful foliage is arranged in attractive tiers, creating a waterfall effect, or if topped, an umbrella-like shape. Looks best in part shade where leaves grow dark green; leaves exposed to bright sun are more yellow. This plant prefers cool daytime and nighttime temperatures, needs plentiful water, and is extra sensitive to dry conditions - may drop leaves if watering is missed. Can grow 25' tall and 1½" in diameter. Hardy to 10 F and tolerant of salt air.
(CBQS) Highly ornamental bamboo from China which is also good for screening . Similar to CBQ, but canes are gold with thin green stripes, and the new shoots are occasionally pink. Will grow indoors with 2-3 hours direct sun and misting. A good container plant.
(CBTUM) A rare Chinese bamboo noted for its widened culm nodes, like two closed cymbals. Used for walking sticks in Sichuan. Graceful, arching green culms with delicate palmate foliage resemble a large, lacey Japanese maple. Moderate runner.
This genus comes from Central and South America where there are about 90 species. Uniquely, the Chusqueas have solid culms and exhibit a whorl of multiple branches at each node, giving them a distinctive look. Leaves are usually small and narrow, and most are clumpers with gracefully arching or trailing culms and branches. While highly ornamental and mostly tolerant of acid soil, many have little heat tolerance and are difficult to establish. Coastal California and much of the San Francisco Bay Area have prime Chusquea climates. Most are newly introduced to the U.S. and hard to find. Shooting is in the spring for most species.
(CHCI) Beautiful tropical bamboo from Chiapas, Mexico, with long narrow leaves, ¼" x 3 ½". Culms grow up to 20' and are shiney dark brown with full sun and light brown with less sun. Has a feathery weeping look early in life. As the plant gets older, it becomes more upright and dense. Requires excellent drainage and tops will die in temperatures colder than 20 degrees for more than 10 days. Returns to same height if roots have been well-mulched. Does poorly in areas where summer temperatures go over 100 in the daytime and remain above 70 F. at night.
(CHCQ) A superlative hardy ornamental, long cultivated in England but new to the USA. One of the most beautiful and colorful Chusqueas, with dark blue-green nodes on lime-green to yellow culms. Mature plants look like tall clumps of giant feathers. They grow 20' tall at high elevations in Southern Chile and will thrive between 0 and 90 F.
(CHCUM) A climbing bamboo with attractive bluish leaves and trailing canes which may reach 1" in diameter, 40' in length, and 10' in height, depending on surrounding foliage, or a large arbor or trellis for support. Makes a very effective canopy; best in a large scale environment. A clumping type, but…this is one of a handful of bamboos that grow new culms from the nodes of existing culms as well as from the root. Hardy to 10 degrees, preferring half to full day of sun.
(CHCW) New to the U.S. and another very striking Chusquea resembling CHCQ. Lime green culms with dark green nodes are tall and upright with weeping branches and delicate green foliage, also resembling giant, arching feathers. It grows to 20' tall with 1½" diameter in N. California and is hardy to 0 degrees.
(CHGI) Another Chusquea new to the U.S., growing about 25' tall and 1¾" inches in diameter with exceptionally long branches at 3-4½ feet. This plant has an airy look, a delightful specimen plant but too open for screening.
(CHMI) A new introduction from southern Brazil, this is a very interesting and delicate looking plant. Widely arching canes with small, delicate branches and leaves create a lacey fountain shape. In the spring, new shoots growing up through the clump are initially black, turning more burgundy color as they gain height. Then the culm sheaths fall, revealing light green smooth canes with slightly enlarged nodes. Grows to 15' tall with 1" diameter canes in Brazil and is cold hardy to 20 degrees. Prefers a half-day of sun, but may grow in full sun.
(CHMU) A new introduction from Mexico, this is a small, deeply weeping, trailing bamboo, with dense foliage. Very thin culms have slightly widened nodes and medium size green leaves, 5" x ¾". Best in bright light to a half-day of afternoon sun. Cold hardy to 22 F.
(CHNI) May be a dwarf form of culeou. It grows from 6 to 10', has stiffly vertical leaves and branches, and thrives between 0 and 90 degrees. It is one of the few bamboos which can grow in very wet soils, as well in typical garden conditions. Needs acid soil to look its best.
(CHSU) One of the most beautiful, graceful and tropical looking bamboos, the sulcata has golden yellow culms with dark green widened nodes and very thin, feathery green leaves, 4-5" in length, on a whorl of short branches surrounding each node. Very delicate and airy with an umbrella shape overall, growing to 8-15' tall and 1" in diameter. Tolerates temperatures down to only 28 degrees and likes half to a full day of sun. Will die back at 20 degrees, but if mulched grows back to same height in one season. Does poorly in areas where summer temperatures go over 100 in the daytime and remain above 70 F. at night.
(CHVA) The largest of the climbing bamboos and the most robust of Chilean bamboos, reaching heights of 80' by clambering up trees and draping them with curtains of foliage. Culms grow to 1 ½" in diameter. Attractive on a large scale with trees or a large trellis for support. This is the largest of a handful of bamboos that grow new culms from the nodes of existing culms as well as from the root. Its temperature range is 10 to 100 degrees.
A genus of beautiful, medium sized, clumping, Himalayan bamboos. Culms arch in upper part and many thin branches half encircle each node. Shoots in the spring.
(DRF) Bright green culms, small, papery thin leaves. Hardiest Drepanostachyum. Shorter and arker green form of sengteeanum (DRS)
(DRK) Very similar to HCH but with blue-green culms. It also tolerates up to full day sun, and grows only to 12 feet tall with ½" diameter culms.
A genus of very hardy, small to medium-sized, clumping mountain bamboos from the cool alpine conifer forests of West and southwest China. These plants generally have thin canes with small leaves. Not recommended for Southeastern states in the US where nighttime summer temperatures remain above 70 F. The Fargesias are generally shade plants, but may tolerate more sun in the S.F. Bay Area when getting ample daily water. These plants shoot in the spring and fall.
(FAD) A hardy mid-sized clumper which forms a dense and tidy “V” shape, has strong solid culms and relatively thick leaves, making it more sun tolerant than many Fargesias. It is great for a very dense screen or evergreen ornamental. It grows best in cooler areas and partial shade, is hardy to 0°F. and grows 8 feet high locally.
(FADG) similar to Fargesia dracocephala but the canes are light green-yellow
(FADR) This versatile and popular new form of Fargesia is more sun and heat tolerant. Unlike most fargesias, this species can handle a full day of sun in N. Cal, which will produce lighter green, shiney leaves. In more shade the leaves will be dark green and shiney. In maturity, it has the characteristic weeping "umbrella" shape, and the culm sheaths and branches are copper colored. Hardy to -5 F.
(FAM) An attractive clumping ornamental frequently used in European gardens, it is hardy to -20 degrees, likes shade, and grows to 15' tall. It is found in China at elevations of 10,000 feet, where it is an important food for the Giant Pandas. Small closely spaced bluish-green culms and delicate foliage create a deeply arching, umbrella-like form. Does not do well in summer heat, especially where nights do not cool down below 70 F. Flowered in 1994 in northern California.
(FAN) Formerly known as Sinarundinaria nitida. A choice ornamental, it grows to 12 feet tall with slender arching branches, forming a fountain shape. Dark purplish culms are covered with a bluish-white powder when young, and leaves are delicate and attractive. Nitida is is exceptionally cold resistant, withstanding -15 degrees, and is probably the most popular bamboo in northern Europe. Several related nitida varieties began flowering in Europe in 2002-2003. Flowering of the basic nitida occurred in N. California in 2003. New seedlings available now.
(FAND) Similar in appearance to the more familiar Fargesia murielae, but the leaves are smaller. The branches are relatively short, allowing the arching culms to stand out individually rather than simply being a part of a foliage mass
(FANJ) New culms turn red when exposed to sun, turning soft orangey yellow with age. Small delicate leaves.
(FARO) A cold hardy weeping clumper with dark green leaves and light green culms that have contrasting persistent culm sheaths which fade to a light white-ish color. It is more vigorous (robust) growing taller faster, and more sun tolerant than many Fargesias. Good as an ornamental clump or screen. Used for small but edible shoots, weaving and walking sticks in China. Does fine in shade and is one of the few Fargesias that can withstand up to a half day afternoon sun in cooler areas. Grown in afternoon sun, it is smaller and more compact.
A genus of small to medium sized, running bamboos botanically similar to Indocalamus and Chimonobambusa. Shoots in the spring.
(GEG) A new introduction from West Sichuan China, where it is a primary food for the Giant Panda. This is a dwarf bamboo, growing to about 10' under conifers in China and reaching about 6' in northern California. Its best feature is its foliage with rather large leaves, about 2" x 6",” providing a texture that contrasts with other small-leaved plants. It is cold-hardy to 5 degrees.
A probable hybrid of Ph. nigra 'Henon' and Sasa veitchii f. tyugokensis from Mt. Hiba on Honshu, Japan. Both forms of the plant are aggressive runners with single branches and wide leaves up to 10" long and 1½" wide. The species grow about 15' tall, are cold hardy to -5 degrees, and and make good container plants and screens. Shoots in the spring.
(HBT) Similar to HBTS, but this is the all green form.
(HBTS) Quite striking for its brightly variegated leaves, which are white and yellow with vivid green stripes and about 1 ½"” x 8-10"” in size. Canes are fairly unremarkable and are largely hidden by the leaves in the mature plant. The young plant has a rather open look, however. Makes an excellent screen up to 15'’ in height. Likes full sun in temperate climates, but half to full-day of shade in very hot climates. Cold hardy to -5 degrees.
A genus from Nepal to the north-eastern most part of India at elevations of 2,250 to 2,750 m. Shoots in the spring.
(HCA) This Tibetan bamboo is a stately and highly decorative ornamental. In more sun, culms turn maroon to almost black with delicate purplish green leaves. In summer shade, the culms remain rich green with white node rings. Culms get darker, sometimes almost black, in winter. Grows to 20' tall with 1½" in diameter in the climate of origin, 15'’ tall with ¾"” diameter here locally. Can tolerate temperatures down to only 15 degrees, and likes a half-day of sun. Shoots in the spring and fall.
(HCC) This new introduction is a tight clumper with foliage and growth habit similar to H. falconeri 'Damarapa',’ with less arching at the top. New shoots are unique in having light green sheaths with spiraling dark green stripes. Sheaths are dropped quickly as the solid, dark green culms grow about 20' tall and 1 ¼" diameter in the climate of origin. Cold hardy to 20 F. Most attractive as an isolated clump.
(HCF) This plant is a cultivar of Himalayacalamus falconeri 'Damarapa.' The culms are dark green without any striping, with abundant deep green leaves, 3/4" wide by 4 1/2" long, similar to the Damarapa. Tolerates a little more sun and more shade, but height and diameter are the same as the Damarapa.
(HCFD) A highly decorative plant: gold canes with multiple green stripes, becoming shades of pink, cranberry, and purple with dark stripes in the spring and summer sun. Looks best with some leaves trimmed away from lower parts of canes to expose to sun and show off colors. Masses of leaves grow on long, slender, arching branchlets. Grows up to 30' tall with 2" diameter culms in the climate of origin. Here locally, it can reach 16' in height with 1.5" diameters. Prefers a half-day of sun, morning or afternoon, except in climates with frequent 100 degree summer temperatures, where it tolerates am sun and bright, indirect light only. Hardy to 20 degrees.
(HCP) A very upright, tight clumper with light green leaves and misty green canes covered with a white powder. New shoot sheaths are almost black, but drop off as the culms grow, revealing nearly white new culms, which darken only slightly with age. Multiple short branches grow from each node, and culms reach 15' tall and 1" in diameter in the climate of origin. Cold hardy to 20 F. Excellent specimen plant or hedge.
A genus of small Asian running bamboos which shoot in spring and are relatively hardy. Most have extremely large, wide, tropical-looking leaves and tolerate low light levels.
(INLA) Has leaves 2" wide by 1' long with a somewhat stiff and spiky appearance. It grows 6' tall, is hardy to 0 degrees, and prefers shade. A recent import.
(INLO) Has attractive, dark green leaves on upright, solid culms. Leaves are up to 1 ¼" wide by 7" long. Good house or garden plant. Tolerates a wide range of light exposure. Hardy to 0.
(INT) Has the largest leaves of any bamboo in cultivation, sometimes up to 2' long by 4" wide. It tolerates lower light levels than any other bamboo. Planted in total shade it forms an attractive 3' tall mounded ground cover. In bright light to filtered sun it may grow to 7' tall. This plant also makes a nice tropical-looking house plant. Hardy to -10 degrees.
(ISC) Makes a great isolated clump or hedge. This is a decorative bamboo similar to INLO, but has smaller, narrower leaves, 1" x 5".”Leaves are smokey green color. Grows 15' tall, 1" in diameter. Grows in indirect light but prefers full sun in most environments. Shoots in the spring.
A genus of medium sized tropical Mexican bamboos which shoot in mid-summer.
(OAAZ) A beautiful, drought resistant, clumping ornamental from the Chaparral of Mexico. Masses of long narrow leaves hang in graceful plumes on smokey green culms. This plant loves full sun and hot temperatures but may also be planted in light shade. Reaches 15' to 20' tall. It requires very good drainage, but tolerates salt air, alkalinity, and clay soils. The Otatea is hardy to only 20 degrees and may experience leaf drop and cane die-back at 18 degrees. This plant may reach heights of 15-20' in ideal conditions with warm, relatively dry winters, but in areas with more frost and occasional temperatures in the teens, it may maintain heights of only 5'-12'.
A genus of medium to giant runners with a distinct groove (sulcus) on the culm above paired branches. The heaviest shooting occurs in spring. All species have edible shoots. Nearly all can thrive with hot summers and cold winters. Most come from China. All grow best in full sun but can take some shade. The wide range of conditions under which this genus can be grown, plus its utility and beauty, have caused it to be the most commonly cultivated genus in the world.
(PHAH) Great bamboo for erosion control, visual screening and edible shoots. Runner with shiny green culms that are occasionally zig-zagged at the base. Reaches up to 27' tall, with dark green leaves 5/8" x 4". Hardy to 0 degrees and does best with half to full day sun.
(PHAJ) (also known as "Golden Bamboo") The most common and popular bamboo in much of the U.S, it is easy to grow, drought resistant, and great for screens and hedges, as well as containers. Dense light green foliage covers the plant from top to bottom. Culms are light green with a white node ring, turning more yellow if exposed to direct sun. Distinguishing characteristic is the short, knobby, bulging internodes at the base of its culms, adding interest. The usual height here in N. California is between 10' and 15' with 2" diameter culms, but it can reach 16' in its native environment. Because it can spread aggressively, it forms screens rapidly, and containment is recommended. It is hardy to 0 degrees and shoots in the spring.
(PHAN) A cultivar of PHAJ with light gold culms and occasional thin, vertical green stripes. New shoots come up green and gradually turn light yellow regardless of sun exposure.
(PHAO) A cultivar of PHAJ with a soft green stripe in the sulcus on light yellow culms and occasional white stripes on the leaves. Unique to this bamboo is the extremely variable internode length and occasional bulging internodes, giving the canes a knobby look. Similar to Ph. aurea in its rapid growth, hardiness, versatility and resilience.
(PHAQ) This plant is a real stand-out with brightly colored green canes and a bold yellow vertical stripe in the sulcus. Frequently grows with a pronounced zig-zag at the base ('crookstem'). It is a vigorous runner with dark green leaves and tasty shoots. Maximum height (near Prattsville, Alabama) is 45' and 3" in diameter, while in Northern California it usually grows 25-30'. This exceptionally cold tolerant bamboo withstands -10 degrees. The aureosulcata group is great for medium to large size hedges and specimen plants.
(PHARI) The reverse of PHARR, this plant has green culms with multiple yellow grooves running the length of each internode, with no sulcus stripe.
(PHARR) This cultivar has yellow culms with multiple green grooves running the length of each internode, with no sulcus stripe.
(PHAS) A very attractive recent introduction with a green sulcus on bright yellow culms, turning cranberry red where sun strikes the cane in summer. A beautiful erect specimen or hedge plant.
(PHAU) A bright yellow cultivar of PHAS with occasional thin, vertical, green stripes around the cane (no sulcus stripe).
(PHB) Also known as 'Giant Japanese Timber Bamboo',”this plant has bright green smooth canes and medium size leaves. One of the largest, reliable, easy-to-grow, temperate climate, giant bamboo, it can grow 72' tall and 6" in diameter and produces excellent wood. It may reach 50' with 5" diameter culms in N. California, and lends a strong, vertical, structural quality to any landscape. Before flowering in the 60's and 70's, it was the predominate bamboo cultivated in Japan. Next flowering and die-back not due until approximately 2085. Hardy to -5 degrees. Almost identical to Ph. vivax.
(PHBA) Decorative orangey beige culm with a few thin green stripes, and green leaves with cream to gold stripes. Culms almost translucent when sun is shining through them. Grows up to 30' tall 2' in diameter. Hardy to 0 degrees and does well in half-day morning sun to full sun.
(PHBAS) This unique plant was brought from Japan years ago by Gerald Bol. It sports gold stripes on green leaves as well as occasional white stripe on the green canes. Otherwise similar to PHBA. Tolerates full sun. Not to be confused with 'Richard Haubrich'.
(PHBI) A good ornamental hedge or centerpiece, this form is the reverse of PHBC with green culms and yellow stripes in a striated sulcus.
(PHBR) This form of bambusoides often grows with marked zig-zags or S-curves in the lower part of the culm, which is quite striking on such large canes. Smaller than the typical form, it grows 40-65' tall and 3-5" in diameter in its native environment, and still is one of the tallest growing bamboos in northern California, reaching 50' tall and 5" diameter.
(PHBY) A handsome, medium sized species with dark green, shiney leaves and green culms. Excellent for fast-growing, dense screens and hedges. Exceptionally hardy, withstanding temperatures to -15 degrees. If mulched, the rhizomes alone can probably withstand -30 degrees and shoot again in the spring. Does well in a wide range of light conditions. Grows to 23' tall and 1" in diameter in the climate of origin and 15-18' tall in the SF Bay Area, but can be pruned to any height. Vigorous runner.
(PHC) Especially useful in landscapes where the timber bamboo look is desired, but with less height, this plant gets 2" in diameter and 25' tall locally. Air canals in rhizomes and roots make it well adapted for wetter soils. Surface of new culms have a sandalwood scent when rubbed in the warm sun. New shoots are excellent for eating . Runner that establishes and grows rapidly. Hardy to -15 degress.
(PHDEC) Culms are green with subtle rusty mottling. Grows to about 20' tall and 1 ¼" in diameter. Hardy to -5 degrees. In China it is called the Beautiful Bamboo.
(PHDUL) Arching, soft green culms with occasional white stripes grow to 40' and 3" in diameter. They tend to have large diameter for their height. Leaves are olive green. Cold hardy to -10 degrees and can grow close to full height even with those temperatures in winter. Fast growing giant bamboo with tasty shoots.
(PHF) Named for the distinct zig-zag pattern shown by some of the culms. Medium size lime-green leaves grow on darker green canes, which turn burgundy color in direct sun. Grows up to 31' tall with 2¾" diameter culms in the climate of origin, but is typically half that tall in the SF Bay Area, where it is usually grown as a short, arching hedge. Good for containers and great for erosion control. Cold hardy to -15 degrees. Likes full sun to a half-day of afternoon sun. Flowered and produced seed at Bamboo Sourcery in 1995.
(PHG) Grows in China to 70' tall and 5" in diameter, while locally in Northern California it grows 40' tall and 2 ½" in diameter. It is a vigorous runner, hardy to -5 degrees. The young culms have a distinctive white powder creating a blue-green tone. As culms mature, they become a pale, yellow green. Excellent tolerance for both drought and alkalinity. This is a plant for many uses, such as hedging, erosion control, crafts and fencing.
(PHHP) The largest growing species of the genus and considered by many to be the most beautiful, Moso is the most cultivated bamboo in China and Japan. The tops arch gracefully with masses of small leaves, reaching up to 80' tall with culms 8" in diameter in the climate of origin. It produces especially tasty shoots in tropical environments and is used throughout Asia for construction. Moso is difficult to establish and requires lots of water, acidity, tropical humidity and heat to reach its full potential. It remains much shorter in less ideal circumstances (including California). Not for desert environments. Small plants should be partially shaded. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHHU) Great for erosion control or as a hedge, this vertical bamboo with small leaves is distinctive because of its short culm internodes (4-6"), and the first few internodes of each branch are hollow. A quick grower, 15-20' tall, hardy to 0 degrees, it likes half to full day sun. Leaves and culms are olive green.
(PHI) Beautiful dark green leaves and culms and is useful as a visual screen and wind break. Grows up to 36' tall and 2 3/4" in diameter in half-day afternoon sun or all day full sun. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHNF) One of the most popular bamboos, both for the black culms and the plumed masses of bright green leaves. The culms come up green and slowly turn black during the first year or two. Locally, in northern California, it grows about 20-30' tall and 1 ½" in diameter. The Black Bamboo prefers full sun and grows very slowly in complete shade, almost like a clumper. It is hardy to heat and drought tolerant, but is sensitive to salts and minerals in the air, water and soil, which readily result in leaf tip burn.
(PHNFF) Similar to above Black Bamboo, except that this clone has reached 57' tall and 3.3" in diameter, possibly the greatest height of any bamboo in northern California. The parent grove is located in Folsom, California and is growing in well irrigated, deep, sandy loam. Summer temperatures are very hot, above 100 degrees for weeks on end. It does well in 80 degree summer heat as well. In many other California locations it more typically grows to about 50' in height.
(PHNG) A large relative of Black Bamboo, which, instead of turning black, develops large decorative brown/black spots on 3" diameter green culms. It grows up to 50' tall and takes temperatures down to -5 degrees. As with the other forms of Ph. nigra, 'Bory' has very beautiful structure and foliage. Excellent tolerance for summer heat, winter cold, and drought. Cut and cured canes become dark yellow to beige with black and brown mottling, which make them exceptionally beautiful for musical instruments, furniture and crafts.
(PHNI) An all green form of Black Bamboo which can grow 60' tall and 5" in diameter in the climate of origin. Reaches about 35' in northern California. Outstandingly beautiful foliage and craftsman quality wood. Hardy to -5 degrees. Has noteworthy drought resistance and grows well under a wide range of conditions.
(PHNM) Grows and looks very similar to 'Henon' but with the addition of a brown or purplish-black stripe in the grooves on the culms. Also drought resistant. Hardy to -5.
(PHNU) This is reputed to be the most cold hardy species of the genus, tolerating -20 degrees. It forms attractive groves up to 34' tall with culms 1 ¾" in diameter. Culms and leaves are dark green and arching at the very top. P. nuda gets its name from its ability to become deciduous with extreme cold. Does not do well in southern states with very hot summers.
(PHPS) This variety has light green culm sheaths with a white edge which are retained, creating a pattern on the culm. Grows to 20' tall and 1" in diameter. It has nearly solid culms and is otherwise similar to the form above. Exceptionally hardy to wind, drought & aridity. Survives -20 F.
(PHPT) Now considered to be the primary species, growing larger, up to 33' and 1 ½" in diameter and with less zig-zag than the two above. It is also hardier, going down to -5 degrees. Culm sheaths are soft green.
(PHR) Another exceptionally cold tolerant species withstanding -15 degrees. It behaves as a clumper in cool summer climates and a runner in warm ones. Grows to 55' tall and 3 ½" in diameter and is noted for its good quality wood with long internodes and edible shoots. Tolerates alkalinity.
(PHVC) A totally unique bamboo with thin green to purple to mahogany vertical stripes all around the green culms. Grows to a maximum of 50' and 3" in diameter, and to 30' and 2" in northern California. Moderate runner. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHVG) Has powdery lime-colored culms with a white node ring, providing excellent quality straight wood, often used in furniture, and superior shoots for eating. Grows 35' tall on 2" culms. Hardy to -5 degrees. Great bamboo to work with!
(PHVJ) Very similar to Ph. viridis 'Robert Young' with reverse coloring: culms are green with a single yellow stripe in the sulcus.
(PHVR) A handsome striped form with occasional green stripes on vivid yellow culms. Grows 40' tall and 3" in diameter. Wood is of high quality and shoots are tasty. It is characterized by the grainy quality of the culm surface which can be felt by running the edge of your thumbnail up and down the culm surface. It is hardy to -5 degrees and is an exceptionally vigorous runner, so we recommend using 60 mil polyethylene plastic root barrier.
(PHVX) Probably a form of Phyllostachys Bambusoides, as they are nearly identical and can be used interchangeably. This plant grows up to 72' tall and 6" in diameter in its native climate. The vivax, along with Ph. bambusoides 'Slender Crookstem'(PHBR) and Ph. nigra 'Daikokuchiku' “'Giant Black' (PHNFF) grow the largest in northern California. The vivax reaches 50' and 5" in diameter. Canes are bright green and smooth. New shoots have culm sheaths that are dark brown with light brown spots. Vivax is hardy to -5 degrees.
(PHVXA) Identical to Ph. vivax, except that the culms are bright gold with occasional, random dark green stripes and bright, shiney green leaves - an exceptionally striking variety!
A genus of small to medium size running bamboos with numerous branches at each node and culm sheaths which remain attached to the culm. The many dwarf species, often variegated, make good ground covers, hedges, and container specimens, which benefit from an annual winter clipping to keep them low, uniform, and attractive. In cold climates, they may be grown herbaciously by mulching heavily during the winter, and will survive an additional 10 to 20 degrees colder than listed and produce new top growth in the spring. Shoots in the spring.
(PLAR) A 3' tall, running dwarf with white striped leaves. Shade loving but can withstand some sun. Makes a nice ground cover if pruned annually. Hardy to 10 degrees or -10 degrees if heavily mulched.
(PLCK) This decorative bamboo has attractive green leaves with occasional golden stripes. The culms are golden with a slightly spiraling green stripe. In full sun the culms turn scarlet. Grows 8'-12' tall and can tolerate down to 10 degrees.
(PLCM) A beautiful variegated form with 3 leaf colors: some solid white, some green, but mostly white leaves with green stripes (average proportion is ¼ green to ¾ white). It can be maintained at 24" height as a ground cover through annual pruning, but can grow to 6' without pruning. Likes filtered light.
(PLCW) Narrower leaves and variegation intermediate between the two forms above. Grows to 6' tall and handles both sun and shade. Vigorous, attractive plant.
(PLD) A Japanese dwarf with tiny, fern-like leaves arranged in even rows. Good ground cover or bonsai. May be pruned or mowed to maintain even, dense growth. Hardy to 5 degrees.
(PLDM) A nice dark green ground cover that grows 4-10" tall. Needs to be pruned back annually in early spring, but only takes 3-6 weeks to show new growth. Hardy to 10 degrees and prefers good indirect light all day to half day sun at most.
(PLFO) 'Dwarf White-Stripe'(AKA Arundinaria variegata) An outstanding, attractive dwarf variegated bamboo. Foliage has an upright spikey look. Tends to look a little shabby in winter. Most attractive when pruned down to 3" in spring and allowed to shoot and releaf with new foliage. Refreshes itself within 5 weeks. Grows 2' to 4'. Is hardy to -10 degrees. Prefers part shade but can take full sun in cool summer areas.
(PLHI) A new introduction from Japan with distinctive, stiffly upright leaves and a handsome upright form. Excellent for screening. Has edible shoots of outstanding flavor. Grows to 18' tall, is cold hardy to 0 degrees, and resistant to salt air.
(PLHU) A 4' dwarf with dark green leaves. Good for erosion control, hardy to -10 degrees, plant in part shade.
(PLL) Forms a 15' tall plumed bush with hanging leaves. Plant in sun or shade. Hardy to 0 degrees and salt tolerant.
(PLVS) Has very attractive bright yellow leaves with sharp green stripes. Great against a dark backdrop. Half-day of morning sun produces a deep yellow color and requires plenty of watering. Half-day to a full-day of shade produces an equally beautiful light lime-green color contrasting with the dark green stripes. It generally grows 3' tall but can grow twice that. Hardy to -10 degrees and more if heavily mulched. Best when pruned down and allowed to re-grow fresh new leaves in early spring.
(PLVSC) Similar to PLVS but some leaves are green and some yellow with touches of green, but have no stripes. It is slower growing.
This Asian genus consists of small to medium sized, running bamboos with usually one and never more than three branches per node. Good as a hedge or ground cover. Shoots in the spring.
(PSJ) Known as "Arrow Bamboo" for its historic use, this bamboo produces thin, strong, and straight green culms which retain the light brown culm sheaths for about 6 months. In full sun it makes an attractive 15' tall, dense screen with large dark green leaves. In shade, it grows a lighter green and more openly. Hardy to 0 degrees. Tolerant to salt air, wind and drought.
(PSJP) Similar to the basic species, this japonica is drought, wind, and salt tolerant. It is good for hedges up to about 8' in height in N. Cal, though it grows to 18' in the climate of origin. It is distinctive in that its culms turn somewhat reddish when receiving full sun on the culm itself, but otherwise both culms and leaves are dark green. Also, it has three branches at each node instead of just one. Cold hardy to 0 F.
(PSJT) Also known as "Scallion Bamboo." Similar to the above, except it is lower growing and develops interesting, bulging internodes and only grows 10' tall.
(PSU) Imported from Taiwan in 1981, where it grows to 15' tall and ¾" in diameter, this plant takes part to full sun and is hardy to at least 10 degrees. Not a great deal is known about this plant, as it is new to cultivation.
A genus of dwarf running bamboos most of which have wide, short leaves. Most are from Japan and are useful in the garden for ground cover, contrasting texture and container plants. They usually get no taller than 6', have one branch at each node, and look best grown in some shade. Shooting is in the spring.
(SAKLS) A hardy bamboo from the Kuril Islands, the northernmost islands of Japan. A subtly variegated form displaying green leaves covered with white pinstripes. Leaves are about 6-8" long and 1 1/2-2" wide. Grows 6' tall, hardy to 0 F.
(SANAG) Creates discrete clumps about 6' tall with semi-dark green leaves and culms. Leaves are 1 ¼" x 6 ½". Good ground or container plant which is hardy to 0 degrees and likes indirect light all day, to half-day morning sun.
(SAO) A vigorous dwarf bamboo with large wavy leaves that grows to 6’ tall locally, this shrub tolerates both hot summers and cold winters without to much leaf burn. Hardy to 0ºF, and prefers half day direct sun.
(SAPN) Valued by many for its large leaved, tropical appearance. It commonly grows up to 15' in Japan, 8' tall in Northern California, and only 3' in Southern California. Leaves can reach 15" in length and 4" in width. Hardy to -10 degrees and a vigorous runner.
(SAT) Attractive dark green foliage with leaves reaching 7" in length. Makes interesting texture under trees. Grows to 6' and is hardy to -20 degrees.
(SAV) Attractive dark green leaves which, toward winter, develop a bold, quasi-variegated effect. The leaf edges actually die back to form a decorative, tan margin. New growth during spring and summer restores the planting to a solid green appearance. Likes shade and moisture, grows 3' to 5' tall, and is hardy to -10 degrees.
(SAVM) Similar to SAV, but shorter and has smaller leaves with decorative browned edges. This ground cover bamboo only reaches 10-24" tall. Mow annually in late winter or early spring. Hardy to 10 degrees, and can do well with good indirect light to full sun.
A genus of running bamboos similar to Sasa except with straight culms and smaller leaves. They usually have one branch per node and they shoot in the spring.
(SBMA) Ground cover bamboo with dark green foliage that grows to 14" in the shade and 4' in full sun. Hardy to 0 degrees. For best results, mow in late winter or early spring. Plants will leaf out again within a month or two.
(SBMS) Also known as "Sam Bamboo." A very attractive ground cover with upright foliage, remaining fresh looking throughout the year. Shiney dark green leaves have a sprinkling of bright yellow and cream stripes. It commonly grows 3-6' tall and is hardy to -10 degrees. Half-day of morning or afternoon sun. Overwinters well without pruning.
A genus of colorful medium size running bamboos from East Asia three branches per node and nearly cylindrical culms. It shares some characteristics of both Phyllostachys and Pleioblastus. Shoots in the summer.
(SEF) Also known as 'Japanese Temple Bamboo' or "Red Temple Bamboo." Fastuosa means tall and stately, and it lives up to its name. The species makes an excellent dense screen 20 to 25' tall with branches and leaves growing closely up the whole length of the culm. It has a straight, vertical growth habit suitable for visual screens in narrow places. Foliage is dark green. The culms are dark green, developing burgundy tones when exposed to sunlight. It is a moderate runner, hardy to -10 degrees, in full to part sun.
(SEFX) Sports very small light green leaves at each node. It grows to 12' tall and 1 ½" in diameter and is good as a screen or hedge. Hardy to 0 degrees and likes half to full day sun.
(SEMK) Graceful low hedge or containerized plant with varying colors through the seasons. Shiny canes are teal green in cool, overcast winter weather, gradually becoming rust as weather warms in spring, and then cranberry in mid-summer in 1/2 to a full-day of sun. As temperatures become cool again, canes revert to partly green, and then are darker red the following summer. Moderate spreader, 15' tall and hardy to 0 degrees.
(SEO) Previously known as Semiarundinaria villosa. This aggressive runner grows to 25' and 1½" in diameter. Hardy to -10 degrees. Leaves are relatively wide for their length and attractively arranged.
(SEYK) Decorative bamboo with almost translucent golden culms which have a slightly zigzagging pale green stripe down the groove. Culms grow 12-15' tall with a maximum of 1" diameter. The dense foliage is green with thin golden stripes. Looks best in full sun, which turns the canes reddish in the fall, but will grow in 1/2-day afternoon sun. Tolerates temperatures down to -5 degrees. Great as medium size screen or container plant.
(SEYKH) Very similar to SEYK, but culms are all yellow with a translucent quality that makes them almost glow in the sun. Culms of this plant can reach 1 ½" in diameter.
(SEYKI) Also similar to SEYK, but culms are light green with a yellow stripe, with culms receiving direct sun turning blackish with a red stripe.
A genus of small, non-aggressive, running bamboos from China and Japan with 3 to 5 short branches per node and wide, short leaves. Prefers semi-shade and shoots in the spring.
(SHK) An excellent, bright green ground-cover with a compact, shrubby look. Its leaves are wide, short, and horizontally arranged. Uncut, it usually grows 5' tall, but can reach 7'. Slow spreading and shallow rhizomes are easy to control with a shovel. Looks best in shade with no direct sun; but will tolerate am sun. Hardy to -5 degrees.
A genus of tropical running Chinese bamboos similar to Semiarundinaria except the culm sheaths promptly fall off. Good container plant. Shoots in the spring.
(SITA) A spectacular variegated form of tootsik that has white leaves with green stripes and darker, olive green culms. The contrast between light-colored leaves and dark canes is quite striking. Growing 20-25' tall with 1½" diameter culms, this plant is unique in being so brightly variegated and also tall. This plant prefers morning sun and afternoon shade, and it spreads slowly in shade, almost like a clumper. Mite resistant. Shoots in spring.
A genus of clumping mountain bamboos from Asia and Africa. Shoots in the spring.
(TAR) Attractive lacey bamboo from the Himalayas. Culms range from pale green to turquoise color, and branches are often reddish. Grows to 12' tall and is a clumper. Hardy to 5 degrees and does best with only half day sun.
(TTS) Also known as Berg Bamboo in South Africa, where it is the only native. Grows 16' tall with 1" diameter culms. Retentive white sheathes leaves form an interesting pattern with triangles of dark green culm showing through. When grown in part shade, the culms bend over with the weight of numerous, closely spaced leaves. Hardy to 0 degrees.
A genus of medium sized, clumping mountain bamboos from Asia. Shoots in the spring.
(YUA) A very graceful mountain bamboo from Formosa and the Philippines. Myriads of small leaves form lovely patterns on blue-green culms. As an “open clumper,” culms are erect with some distance from each other, but the tops of this plant are deeply weeping. It readily forms dense masses of foliage in less light than most bamboos and may be effectively used for screening in shady places. When grown in full sun its leaves tend to curl. It can reach 12' with culms ¾" in diameter. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(YUANP) Possibly the same as YUA, but this clone is a seedling of a plant which grew 32' tall at Pitt White, England. Leaf pattern seems to be more regular, and therefore even more beautiful than the YUA.
(YUC) Similar to YUANP, but foliage is dark green and dense from top to bottom. Grows to 12' tall, is good for hedges and screening, and does well under redwoods. Hardy to -5 degrees and likes morning sun, afternoon shade.
(YUM) (Also known as Arundinaria maling). New to the U.S. from India, this clumping bamboo is similar to Yushania anceps, but its shoots and culms have dark red hair. Grows up to 15' tall with culms 3/4" in diameter. Hardy to 15 degrees, and tolerates a wide range of lighting.
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