A genus of medium to giant runners with a distinct groove (sulcus) on the culm above paired branches. The heaviest shooting occurs in spring. All species have edible shoots. Nearly all can thrive with hot summers and cold winters. Most come from China. All grow best in full sun but can take some shade. The wide range of conditions under which this genus can be grown, plus its utility and beauty, have caused it to be the most commonly cultivated genus in the world.
(PHAH) Great bamboo for erosion control, visual screening and edible shoots. Runner with shiny green culms that are occasionally zig-zagged at the base. Reaches up to 27' tall, with dark green leaves 5/8" x 4". Hardy to 0 degrees and does best with half to full day sun.
(PHAJ) (also known as "Golden Bamboo") The most common and popular bamboo in much of the U.S, it is easy to grow, drought resistant, and great for screens and hedges, as well as containers. Dense light green foliage covers the plant from top to bottom. Culms are light green with a white node ring, turning more yellow if exposed to direct sun. Distinguishing characteristic is the short, knobby, bulging internodes at the base of its culms, adding interest. The usual height here in N. California is between 10' and 15' with 2" diameter culms, but it can reach 16' in its native environment. Because it can spread aggressively, it forms screens rapidly, and containment is recommended. It is hardy to 0 degrees and shoots in the spring.
(PHAN) A cultivar of PHAJ with light gold culms and occasional thin, vertical green stripes. New shoots come up green and gradually turn light yellow regardless of sun exposure.
(PHAO) A cultivar of PHAJ with a soft green stripe in the sulcus on light yellow culms and occasional white stripes on the leaves. Unique to this bamboo is the extremely variable internode length and occasional bulging internodes, giving the canes a knobby look. Similar to Ph. aurea in its rapid growth, hardiness, versatility and resilience.
(PHAQ) This plant is a real stand-out with brightly colored green canes and a bold yellow vertical stripe in the sulcus. Frequently grows with a pronounced zig-zag at the base ('crookstem'). It is a vigorous runner with dark green leaves and tasty shoots. Maximum height (near Prattsville, Alabama) is 45' and 3" in diameter, while in Northern California it usually grows 25-30'. This exceptionally cold tolerant bamboo withstands -10 degrees. The aureosulcata group is great for medium to large size hedges and specimen plants.
(PHARI) The reverse of PHARR, this plant has green culms with multiple yellow grooves running the length of each internode, with no sulcus stripe.
(PHARR) This cultivar has yellow culms with multiple green grooves running the length of each internode, with no sulcus stripe.
(PHAS) A very attractive recent introduction with a green sulcus on bright yellow culms, turning cranberry red where sun strikes the cane in summer. A beautiful erect specimen or hedge plant.
(PHAU) A bright yellow cultivar of PHAS with occasional thin, vertical, green stripes around the cane (no sulcus stripe).
(PHB) Also known as 'Giant Japanese Timber Bamboo',”this plant has bright green smooth canes and medium size leaves. One of the largest, reliable, easy-to-grow, temperate climate, giant bamboo, it can grow 72' tall and 6" in diameter and produces excellent wood. It may reach 50' with 5" diameter culms in N. California, and lends a strong, vertical, structural quality to any landscape. Before flowering in the 60's and 70's, it was the predominate bamboo cultivated in Japan. Next flowering and die-back not due until approximately 2085. Hardy to -5 degrees. Almost identical to Ph. vivax.
(PHBA) Decorative orangey beige culm with a few thin green stripes, and green leaves with cream to gold stripes. Culms almost translucent when sun is shining through them. Grows up to 30' tall 2' in diameter. Hardy to 0 degrees and does well in half-day morning sun to full sun.
(PHBAS) This unique plant was brought from Japan years ago by Gerald Bol. It sports gold stripes on green leaves as well as occasional white stripe on the green canes. Otherwise similar to PHBA. Tolerates full sun. Not to be confused with 'Richard Haubrich'.
(PHBI) A good ornamental hedge or centerpiece, this form is the reverse of PHBC with green culms and yellow stripes in a striated sulcus.
(PHBR) This form of bambusoides often grows with marked zig-zags or S-curves in the lower part of the culm, which is quite striking on such large canes. Smaller than the typical form, it grows 40-65' tall and 3-5" in diameter in its native environment, and still is one of the tallest growing bamboos in northern California, reaching 50' tall and 5" diameter.
(PHBY) A handsome, medium sized species with dark green, shiney leaves and green culms. Excellent for fast-growing, dense screens and hedges. Exceptionally hardy, withstanding temperatures to -15 degrees. If mulched, the rhizomes alone can probably withstand -30 degrees and shoot again in the spring. Does well in a wide range of light conditions. Grows to 23' tall and 1" in diameter in the climate of origin and 15-18' tall in the SF Bay Area, but can be pruned to any height. Vigorous runner.
(PHC) Especially useful in landscapes where the timber bamboo look is desired, but with less height, this plant gets 2" in diameter and 25' tall locally. Air canals in rhizomes and roots make it well adapted for wetter soils. Surface of new culms have a sandalwood scent when rubbed in the warm sun. New shoots are excellent for eating . Runner that establishes and grows rapidly. Hardy to -15 degress.
(PHDEC) Culms are green with subtle rusty mottling. Grows to about 20' tall and 1 ¼" in diameter. Hardy to -5 degrees. In China it is called the Beautiful Bamboo.
(PHDUL) Arching, soft green culms with occasional white stripes grow to 40' and 3" in diameter. They tend to have large diameter for their height. Leaves are olive green. Cold hardy to -10 degrees and can grow close to full height even with those temperatures in winter. Fast growing giant bamboo with tasty shoots.
(PHF) Named for the distinct zig-zag pattern shown by some of the culms. Medium size lime-green leaves grow on darker green canes, which turn burgundy color in direct sun. Grows up to 31' tall with 2¾" diameter culms in the climate of origin, but is typically half that tall in the SF Bay Area, where it is usually grown as a short, arching hedge. Good for containers and great for erosion control. Cold hardy to -15 degrees. Likes full sun to a half-day of afternoon sun. Flowered and produced seed at Bamboo Sourcery in 1995.
(PHG) Grows in China to 70' tall and 5" in diameter, while locally in Northern California it grows 40' tall and 2 ½" in diameter. It is a vigorous runner, hardy to -5 degrees. The young culms have a distinctive white powder creating a blue-green tone. As culms mature, they become a pale, yellow green. Excellent tolerance for both drought and alkalinity. This is a plant for many uses, such as hedging, erosion control, crafts and fencing.
(PHHP) The largest growing species of the genus and considered by many to be the most beautiful, Moso is the most cultivated bamboo in China and Japan. The tops arch gracefully with masses of small leaves, reaching up to 80' tall with culms 8" in diameter in the climate of origin. It produces especially tasty shoots in tropical environments and is used throughout Asia for construction. Moso is difficult to establish and requires lots of water, acidity, tropical humidity and heat to reach its full potential. It remains much shorter in less ideal circumstances (including California). Not for desert environments. Small plants should be partially shaded. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHHU) Great for erosion control or as a hedge, this vertical bamboo with small leaves is distinctive because of its short culm internodes (4-6"), and the first few internodes of each branch are hollow. A quick grower, 15-20' tall, hardy to 0 degrees, it likes half to full day sun. Leaves and culms are olive green.
(PHI) Beautiful dark green leaves and culms and is useful as a visual screen and wind break. Grows up to 36' tall and 2 3/4" in diameter in half-day afternoon sun or all day full sun. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHNF) One of the most popular bamboos, both for the black culms and the plumed masses of bright green leaves. The culms come up green and slowly turn black during the first year or two. Locally, in northern California, it grows about 20-30' tall and 1 ½" in diameter. The Black Bamboo prefers full sun and grows very slowly in complete shade, almost like a clumper. It is hardy to heat and drought tolerant, but is sensitive to salts and minerals in the air, water and soil, which readily result in leaf tip burn.
(PHNFF) Similar to above Black Bamboo, except that this clone has reached 57' tall and 3.3" in diameter, possibly the greatest height of any bamboo in northern California. The parent grove is located in Folsom, California and is growing in well irrigated, deep, sandy loam. Summer temperatures are very hot, above 100 degrees for weeks on end. It does well in 80 degree summer heat as well. In many other California locations it more typically grows to about 50' in height.
(PHNG) A large relative of Black Bamboo, which, instead of turning black, develops large decorative brown/black spots on 3" diameter green culms. It grows up to 50' tall and takes temperatures down to -5 degrees. As with the other forms of Ph. nigra, 'Bory' has very beautiful structure and foliage. Excellent tolerance for summer heat, winter cold, and drought. Cut and cured canes become dark yellow to beige with black and brown mottling, which make them exceptionally beautiful for musical instruments, furniture and crafts.
(PHNI) An all green form of Black Bamboo which can grow 60' tall and 5" in diameter in the climate of origin. Reaches about 35' in northern California. Outstandingly beautiful foliage and craftsman quality wood. Hardy to -5 degrees. Has noteworthy drought resistance and grows well under a wide range of conditions.
(PHNM) Grows and looks very similar to 'Henon' but with the addition of a brown or purplish-black stripe in the grooves on the culms. Also drought resistant. Hardy to -5.
(PHNU) This is reputed to be the most cold hardy species of the genus, tolerating -20 degrees. It forms attractive groves up to 34' tall with culms 1 ¾" in diameter. Culms and leaves are dark green and arching at the very top. P. nuda gets its name from its ability to become deciduous with extreme cold. Does not do well in southern states with very hot summers.
(PHPS) This variety has light green culm sheaths with a white edge which are retained, creating a pattern on the culm. Grows to 20' tall and 1" in diameter. It has nearly solid culms and is otherwise similar to the form above. Exceptionally hardy to wind, drought & aridity. Survives -20 F.
(PHPT) Now considered to be the primary species, growing larger, up to 33' and 1 ½" in diameter and with less zig-zag than the two above. It is also hardier, going down to -5 degrees. Culm sheaths are soft green.
(PHR) Another exceptionally cold tolerant species withstanding -15 degrees. It behaves as a clumper in cool summer climates and a runner in warm ones. Grows to 55' tall and 3 ½" in diameter and is noted for its good quality wood with long internodes and edible shoots. Tolerates alkalinity.
(PHVC) A totally unique bamboo with thin green to purple to mahogany vertical stripes all around the green culms. Grows to a maximum of 50' and 3" in diameter, and to 30' and 2" in northern California. Moderate runner. Hardy to 0 degrees.
(PHVG) Has powdery lime-colored culms with a white node ring, providing excellent quality straight wood, often used in furniture, and superior shoots for eating. Grows 35' tall on 2" culms. Hardy to -5 degrees. Great bamboo to work with!
(PHVJ) Very similar to Ph. viridis 'Robert Young' with reverse coloring: culms are green with a single yellow stripe in the sulcus.
(PHVR) A handsome striped form with occasional green stripes on vivid yellow culms. Grows 40' tall and 3" in diameter. Wood is of high quality and shoots are tasty. It is characterized by the grainy quality of the culm surface which can be felt by running the edge of your thumbnail up and down the culm surface. It is hardy to -5 degrees and is an exceptionally vigorous runner, so we recommend using 60 mil polyethylene plastic root barrier.
(PHVX) Probably a form of Phyllostachys Bambusoides, as they are nearly identical and can be used interchangeably. This plant grows up to 72' tall and 6" in diameter in its native climate. The vivax, along with Ph. bambusoides 'Slender Crookstem'(PHBR) and Ph. nigra 'Daikokuchiku' “'Giant Black' (PHNFF) grow the largest in northern California. The vivax reaches 50' and 5" in diameter. Canes are bright green and smooth. New shoots have culm sheaths that are dark brown with light brown spots. Vivax is hardy to -5 degrees.
(PHVXA) Identical to Ph. vivax, except that the culms are bright gold with occasional, random dark green stripes and bright, shiney green leaves - an exceptionally striking variety!
© Bamboo Sourcery, 1990-2017 Site Map