A genus of small to medium size running bamboos with numerous branches at each node and culm sheaths which remain attached to the culm. The many dwarf species, often variegated, make good ground covers, hedges, and container specimens, which benefit from an annual winter clipping to keep them low, uniform, and attractive. In cold climates, they may be grown herbaciously by mulching heavily during the winter, and will survive an additional 10 to 20 degrees colder than listed and produce new top growth in the spring. Shoots in the spring.
(PLAR) A 3' tall, running dwarf with white striped leaves. Shade loving but can withstand some sun. Makes a nice ground cover if pruned annually. Hardy to 10 degrees or -10 degrees if heavily mulched.
(PLCK) This decorative bamboo has attractive green leaves with occasional golden stripes. The culms are golden with a slightly spiraling green stripe. In full sun the culms turn scarlet. Grows 8'-12' tall and can tolerate down to 10 degrees.
(PLCM) A beautiful variegated form with 3 leaf colors: some solid white, some green, but mostly white leaves with green stripes (average proportion is ¼ green to ¾ white). It can be maintained at 24" height as a ground cover through annual pruning, but can grow to 6' without pruning. Likes filtered light.
(PLCW) Narrower leaves and variegation intermediate between the two forms above. Grows to 6' tall and handles both sun and shade. Vigorous, attractive plant.
(PLD) A Japanese dwarf with tiny, fern-like leaves arranged in even rows. Good ground cover or bonsai. May be pruned or mowed to maintain even, dense growth. Hardy to 5 degrees.
(PLDM) A nice dark green ground cover that grows 4-10" tall. Needs to be pruned back annually in early spring, but only takes 3-6 weeks to show new growth. Hardy to 10 degrees and prefers good indirect light all day to half day sun at most.
(PLFO) 'Dwarf White-Stripe'(AKA Arundinaria variegata) An outstanding, attractive dwarf variegated bamboo. Foliage has an upright spikey look. Tends to look a little shabby in winter. Most attractive when pruned down to 3" in spring and allowed to shoot and releaf with new foliage. Refreshes itself within 5 weeks. Grows 2' to 4'. Is hardy to -10 degrees. Prefers part shade but can take full sun in cool summer areas.
(PLHI) A new introduction from Japan with distinctive, stiffly upright leaves and a handsome upright form. Excellent for screening. Has edible shoots of outstanding flavor. Grows to 18' tall, is cold hardy to 0 degrees, and resistant to salt air.
(PLHU) A 4' dwarf with dark green leaves. Good for erosion control, hardy to -10 degrees, plant in part shade.
(PLL) Forms a 15' tall plumed bush with hanging leaves. Plant in sun or shade. Hardy to 0 degrees and salt tolerant.
(PLVS) Has very attractive bright yellow leaves with sharp green stripes. Great against a dark backdrop. Half-day of morning sun produces a deep yellow color and requires plenty of watering. Half-day to a full-day of shade produces an equally beautiful light lime-green color contrasting with the dark green stripes. It generally grows 3' tall but can grow twice that. Hardy to -10 degrees and more if heavily mulched. Best when pruned down and allowed to re-grow fresh new leaves in early spring.
(PLVSC) Similar to PLVS but some leaves are green and some yellow with touches of green, but have no stripes. It is slower growing.
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