A genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboos from Asia, America and Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially summer and fall. Bambusas usually have round culms with numerous branches at each node, although one or two usually predominate. The species grows best in full sun and are successful in almost any climate, including coastal environments and even desert areas, as long as winter temperatures are not too cold.
(BDOS) Will grow to 18' in the Bay Area.
(BLO) This cold sensitive clumper has straight green culms with long internodes (thus its name). It has rings at the nodes and light green stripes near the base of each culm, and it grows in relatively open, upright clumps. Can get up to 50’ tall in it’s native environment, but 25’ in warmer frost free parts of the Bay Area.
(BMP) The typical form of a very useful garden species. All forms share the moniker "Hedge Bamboo," taking well to pruning and shaping. They tolerate colder temperatures than other Bambusas, being hardy
to 13 degrees F. or more, and do well in most Northern California climate zones. Winter chill eliminates scale and mealy bugs, which commonly afflict them in warmer climates. Grows from 35' to 45' with 1 1/2" diamters in climate of origin and 15-20' in N. California.
(BMPA) This is a very popular garden form with attractive gold culms with multiple green stripes. The new culms often have a pinkish or reddish cast. Shoots year 'round, growing up to 15' tall in the original environment and 12' to 20' in California.
(BMPEG) Dwarf from of Bambusa multiplex 'Alphonse Karr'. Yellow canes, with green candystripes. Internodes will sometimes swell.
(BMPGS) A moderate sized clumper similar in form to Bambusa multiplex 'Alphons Karr,' but with green culms exhibiting a single gold stripe in the grooves. Grows 25' tall with 1.5" diameter culms in the climate of origin, and approximately 15' tall in the SF Bay Area. Likes plenty of sun and is cold hardy to 18F.
(BMPS) The largest growing form of the species at 45' tall and 1½" diameter in tropical climates. Usually 8-16' tall in California. Canes and leaves are green with white stripes which become more prominent if cultivated in a container. Also the most cold resistant by a couple of degrees. Does not do well in desert environments.
(BMPT) A wonderful bamboo for small hedges (3' max. ht.) or bonsai. Clusters of small, light grayish-green pointed leaves. Culms are light green to brown. A clumper hardy to 13 degrees, preferring half to-full day sun.
(BMPV) Recently introduced from China. Similar to Bambusa pervariabilis but much more highly coloured. New shoots are yellow with green stripes maturing to yellow/gold with varying dark green stripes.
(BMU) This is a beautiful, erect bamboo with persistent bluish-white waxy bloom and light brown stripes on the culms. This outstanding ornamental bamboo is a tight clumper with small leaves and dense foliage. Hardy to 18°F and can grow 18’ tall locally.
(BOL) A giant timber clumper growing 55' tall and 4" in diameter in southern California and 20' to 30' up north. Long known for its large, olive green culms, vertical and clumping growth habit, and tasty shoots. Hardy to 20 degrees. Not good in desert climates.
(BTE) A stately, upright giant timber clumper which grows 20 to 30' tall in northern California and taller in the south. Forms a very tight column of elegant, blue powdered, 1 1/2 - 2" blue-green canes, shaded by well foliated, arching tops. Excellent for either screening or free standing ornamental. Hardy to 13 degrees. Considered a choice bamboo for weaving because of its strong yet pliable fibers and the absence of prominent culm nodes.
(BTU) Also known as "Punting Pole Bamboo" from its Asian heritage of poling boats. Culms are thick walled and straight, making them useful for many purposes. Under ideal conditions it can grow to 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Olive green, shiny, upright and full foliage from bottom to top when mature. Hardy to 18 degrees.
(BVE) Bright green culms sometimes develop characteristic internodal swelling when subject to high summer heat. In humid, warm climates it can grow 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Cold hardy to 18 degrees. Makes interesting subject for bonsai.
(BVEK) Very ornamental plant. Similarly to Bambusa ventricosa, culms sometimes develop characteristic internodal swelling when subject to high summer heat, but culm is yellow with multiple green stripes. In humid, warm climates it can grow 55' tall and 2 ¼" in diameter. Will grow to 25' in the Bay Area. Cold hardy to 18 degrees. An especially exciting subject for bonsai.
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